Fact Checks ☑️
Old photos misrepresented as new images of India unemployment protests
Three photos have been shared tens of thousands of times in multiple posts on Facebook and Twitter alongside a claim they show the students injured during clashes with police during a protest over unemployment levels in India. However, these photos have been shared in a misleading context; they have circulated online since November 2018 in reports about police manhandling protesting teachers in Lucknow, India.

Misleading claim circulates online that Sri Lanka has banned cattle slaughter
Multiple Facebook posts shared thousands of times claim that Sri Lanka banned the slaughter of cattle on September 8, 2020. The claim is misleading; while Sri Lankan Prime Minister Mahinda Rajapaksa did propose such a ban in Parliament on September 8, no ruling was made. As of September 25, 2020, the Sri Lankan government has not enacted such a law.

This photo shows Nawaz Sharif meeting a former German foreign minister in 2013
A photo has been shared hundreds of times in multiple posts on Facebook which claim it shows former Pakistani Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif meeting the Israeli ambassador to “sell out” Pakistan's nuclear secrets in exchange for moving his business to Israel. The claim is false; the photo has been doctored to replace the German flag with the Israeli flag; the original photo shows Sharif meeting former German Foreign Minister Guido Westerwelle in Islamabad in 2013.

The audio in this video has been doctored to include chants supporting an Indian opposition politician
A video of an Indian state chief addressing a public rally has been viewed tens of thousands of times in multiple Facebook and Twitter posts alongside a claim it shows the crowd shouting support for his opponent. The claim is false; the audio in the video has been manipulated to include chants for an opposition politician from the Indian National Congress party.

Posts falsely claim Netflix CEO has been arrested for child pornography
Facebook, Twitter and Instagram posts claim that Netflix CEO Reed Hastings was arrested by the FBI for possessing thousands of files of child pornography. This is false: law enforcement officials told AFP Fact Check there was no arrest and the rumour was published by a fringe news site, where it has since been removed.

Poster shared in South Africa makes false claims about face masks
A poster that makes multiple claims about the use and legality of face masks during the novel coronavirus pandemic has been shared hundreds of times on Facebook in South Africa. It comes after a high court ruled in June that the country’s lockdown laws were unconstitutional. But the regulations remain in place and masks are still mandatory in public pending the outcome of the government’s appeal, experts say. The poster also makes a series of other claims previously debunked by AFP Fact Check.

Misleading video circulating online does not show ‘war’ amid Nigerian state election
A video showing crowds running after a police truck and a convoy on patrol has been shared hundreds of times in social media posts purporting to show clashes during Nigeria’s recent election in Edo state. The claim is false: the footage actually shows two clips -- one filmed in Ivory Coast and another in Nigeria during a patrol ahead of the poll.

Social Security Didn’t Stop Mailing Checks ‘Because It’s Not Secure’
A social media post claims that Social Security checks have not been sent by mail “since 2013 because it’s not secure.” The Social Security Administration required electronic payment transfers in compliance with a 1996 federal law — not due to security concerns. Even so, about 850,000 checks are still mailed each month.

Viral Post Wrongly Ties Cost Drop to Trump’s ‘Prescription Bill’
A Facebook user claims the cost of her insulin dropped 75% thanks to “Trumps Prescription Bill.” There has been no such legislation passed, and actions by the Trump administration aimed at lowering prescription drug costs have yet to take effect.

Trump’s Repeated False Attacks on Mail-In Ballots
In the past 48 hours, President Donald Trump repeatedly has refused to commit to a peaceful transfer of power if he loses, claiming that mail-in voting is a “disaster” and “out of control” and suggesting without evidence that Democrats are going to steal the election.

The president repeatedly sows doubt about mail-in voting, echoing what intelligence officials have said is a Russian strategy to undermine public trust in the election.

Trump Has Not Been ‘Clear’ in Support of Masks
Health and Human Services Secretary Alex Azar says President Donald Trump has been “clear” in calling for the public to “wear face coverings when you can’t social distance.”

The official messaging from the White House has been, as Azar put it, “clear and unambiguous” since early April. But the president’s statements have been anything but.

In the last two weeks, Trump has offered tepid endorsement for masks, saying: “The mask, perhaps, helps.” He has also raised doubts about the science, noting that health experts who now advocate public mask-wearing were once opposed to it. “I guess I’m somewhere in the middle,” Trump said recently. And: “I understand both sides of the argument.”

“There are a lot of people think that masks are not good,” Trump said at a town hall on Sept. 15. Adding at a press conference the next day, “Masks have problems, too.”

He has repeatedly mocked Democratic presidential nominee Joe Biden’s appearance in a mask and for wearing one in circumstances that Trump doesn’t think is necessary. He also accused one reporter of being “politically correct” for declining to take off his mask to ask a question.

And, of course, the president has continued to hold densely packed rallies where many supporters are not wearing masks. Trump has said little to discourage them. For example, Trump held an indoor rally in Nevada on Sept. 13 in defiance of the governor’s order limiting the size of gatherings. Press reports noted that few in the densely packed crowd wore masks, though Trump made no mention of the subject.