Abortion Rights Demonstrators
Abortion rights demonstrators rally outside the Supreme Court. In some states, the 2020 coronavirus outbreak has fueled attempts to ban abortions.

Amy Coney Barrett's nomination means a more conservative Supreme Court is primed to weaken or nix Roe v. Wade. Here are abortion cases in the pipeline to the high court.
  • It's the worst-case scenario that reproductive rights groups have feared for years: A solidly conservative Supreme Court that could chip away or knock down the 1973 Roe v. Wade decision that legalized abortion nationwide.
  • The Supreme Court will almost certainly turn more conservative once the Republican-controlled Senate confirms Judge Amy Coney Barrett, President Donald Trump's pick to replace Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg who died on September 18.
  • The 48-year-old Barrett has a record of opposing abortion rights and her confirmation could shift the ideological balance of the Supreme Court for decades.
  • "There is no question that the risk of Roe being overturned is probably the highest it's been in 25 years," said Helene Krasnoff, vice president of public policy litigation for Planned Parenthood.
  • Insider reviewed abortion cases that both sides of the debate are watching closely as the fight for the future of the Supreme Court kicks into high gear.
Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg
Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg was honored at the Fourth Annual Berggruen Prize Gala in New York on December 16, 2019. The feminist icon's death has made way for a conservative justice to replace her on the Supreme Court and possibly chip away at Roe v. Wade.
  • 15-week abortion ban
    Roe allows the procedure up to the point of fetal viability, which doctors place at about 24 weeks into a pregnancy.
  • Blocking federal family planning dollars
    The Trump administration wrote new rules in February 2019 that prohibit medical providers who receive money from a family planning program known as Title X from directly referring patients for abortions.
  • On the basis of Down syndrome
    Planned Parenthood is challenging a 2017 Ohio law that makes it illegal for doctors to perform abortions if they know a patient is seeking one because of a prenatal diagnosis of the genetic disorder Down syndrome.
  • Abortion bans at different stages of a pregnancy
    Reproductive rights groups, led by the American Civil Liberties Union, challenged a 2019 Georgia law that banned abortion after six weeks, which is often before many women know they're pregnant. Abortion opponents call those statutes "heartbeat laws," referring the time when cardiac activity can be detected.
  • Separate bills for abortion coverage
    Under Trump administration rules issued in 2019, health insurers that participate in the Affordable Care Act — former President Barack Obama's signature healthcare law — have to send different premium bills to customers to separate abortion from other types of coverage.
  • Banning dilation and evacuation in Texas and Arkansas
    A 2017 Texas law banned an abortion method known as dilation and evacuation in which forceps and a vacuum are used to end a pregnancy. It's the most common type of abortion used in the second trimester.
  • Burying or cremating fetal tissue from abortions
    Reproductive rights groups challenged a 2017 law in Texas that required tissue obtained from an abortion to be buried or cremated. The plaintiffs argued that it was impossible for women who completed their abortions at home using the prescribed pill to follow that rule. They argued that the rule instead shamed the women for their decisions to terminate their pregnancies.
  • Parental consent
    The law would have allowed a judge to appoint a lawyer to represent the fetus and for parents of the pregnant girl to get involved in the proceedings.
  • Medical requirements for abortion providers
    A Kentucky law required that abortion clinics have agreements with local hospitals to accept patients in case of complications from an abortion. The law also required abortion providers to have contracts with ambulances to transport patients facing complications to hospitals.
  • Restrictions on abortion timeline and reason in Arkansas and Tennessee
    A 2019 Arkansas law banned abortion after 18 weeks and required that the procedure be only performed by board-certified or board-eligible OB-GYNs.
  • Reporting requirements for abortion complications
    Planned Parenthood challenged a 2018 Indiana law that required abortion providers to report all complications associated with the procedures under their care. The law required providers to file a list of complications annually, including details on whether women suffered psychological or emotional problems after an abortion.