We will stabilize the dunes. They will be there forever. This will be environmentally better after it [the course] is built than it is before. — Donald Trump
We will stabilize the dunes. They will be there forever. This will be environmentally better after it [the course] is built than it is before. — Donald Trump
Satellite photos show how Trump wrecked a sensitive sand dune system in Scotland to build a luxury golf course
  • Before-and-after photos show the environmental damage caused by Donald Trump's Scottish golf course.
  • Trump opened the course on a sand dune system in 2012 despite fierce local opposition.
  • The course is the subject of a legal action intended to find out whether Trump obtained the money to build it from Russia.
In 2006, the New York real-estate magnate Donald Trump purchased a stretch of coastal land in Aberdeenshire, northeast Scotland, for the purpose of building "the world's best golf course."

There was noisy local opposition to the plan, but Trump had a relationship with Scotland's then-first minister, Alex Salmond. In 2008, the Scottish government stepped in to approve his plan, touting the economic benefits the resort would bring to the country.

Despite warnings in 2008 that the construction of an 18-hole course would destroy the sand dunes around it, Trump had pressed ahead, saying: "We will stabilize the dunes. They will be there forever. This will be environmentally better after it [the course] is built than it is before."


But as conservationists predicted, the part of the highly sensitive ecosystem on which Trump International Golf Links was built was largely ruined. Officials announced in December 2020 that the coastal sand dunes Trump's the resort would lose their status as a protected environmental site because they had been partially destroyed.

Insider has obtained before-and-after photos from the satellite technology firm Maxar, which show the dramatic destruction of the prized Foveran Links sand dunes between March 2010 and April 2021.

The course has stayed in the headlines thanks to a legal action working its way through the Scottish courts intended to discover why Trump has tolerated the loss of $315 million from his golf businesses. The construction money was sourced through loans that were not hedged, leading to further losses. Trump's son, Eric Trump, once said that they obtained the money they needed for golf course development from Russia. (He has also since denied he said that.)

The environmental campaign group Avaaz has sued in the Scottish courts in an attempt to force the government to issue an "unexplained wealth order" that would demand details of Trump's golf financing.

... "Sand dunes are a dynamic system, they're wind-driven, so they go backward and forwards," he said.

"Building a golf course on top means you can't have the dunes moving around, so they have to stabilize them. So they've essentially planted vegetation on top of them and put physical constraints on them so the dunes can't move and it's not a dynamic system anymore."

"The argument the Trump International Golf Links used was that they'd protected them by stabilizing them. But essentially what they've done is they've just killed it as a natural environment."
Read the full article: https://www.businessinsider.com/photos-trump-luxury-golf-course-wrecked-scotland-sand-dune-system-2021-10